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ALA Library Fact Sheet 18
Elements of Cataloging and Classification
To "catalog" a book or other form of library material involves several interrelated processes which all contribute to the achievement of Charles Ammi Cutter's "objects" for a catalog:
- To enable a person to find a book of which the author, title, or subject is known
- To show what the library has by a given author, on a given subject, or in a given kind of literature, and
- To assist in the choice of a book.
(Adapted Rules for a Printed Dictionary Catalogue, by Charles Ammi Cutter, 4th ed., 1904, p. 12.)
Thus, catalogers prepare a description of an item, assign subject headings, determine a shelf location using a classification system, provide a link to the electronic item, if appropriate, and code that information with both MARC tags or metadata so that it may be displayed in local online catalogs and, if the library catalogs with OCLC, in WorldCat. Each element of the cataloging process is addressed in other tabs of this Guide, along with sources for the cataloging tools needed.
RDA: Resource Description and Access
RDA: Resource Description and Access was developed by the RDA Steering Committee to replace the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd Edition Revised, which were first published in 1978.
RDA is a package of data elements, guidelines, and instructions for creating library and cultural heritage resource metadata that are well-formed according to international models for user-focussed linked data applications.
Dewey Decimal Classification
Source for both print and Web formats of the most widely used classification system.
Library of Congress Classification System
The Library of Congress Classification (LCC) is a classification system that was first developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to organize and arrange the book collections of the Library of Congress.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
The Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) is perhaps the most widely adopted subject indexing language in the world, has been actively maintained since 1898 to catalog materials held at the Library of Congress.
Cataloger's Desktop is an integrated, online documentation system with almost 300 of the most important cataloging and metadata resources, including RDA Toolkit, LC policy statements, subject cataloging manuals, MARC formats, and LC Rule Interpretations.
List of books on cataloging, with particular reference to RDA.
Cataloging and Classification by
Publication Date: 2015-12-14
The fourth edition of the late Lois Mai Chan's classic Cataloging and Classification covers the analysis and representation of methods used in describing, organizing, and providing access to resources made available in or through libraries. Since the last edition published in 2007, there have been dramatic changes in cataloging systems from the Library of Congress. The most notable being the shift from AACR2 to Resource Description and Access (RDA) as the new standard developed by the Library of Congress.
Introduction to Cataloging and Classification by
Publication Date: 2015-09-29
A new edition of this best-selling textbook reintroduces the topic of library cataloging from a fresh, modern perspective. * Delineates the new cataloging landscape * Shares a principles-based perspective * Provides introductory text for beginners and intermediate students * Emphasizes descriptive and subject cataloging, as well as format-neutral cataloging * Covers new cataloging rules and RDA
Standard Cataloging for School and Public Libraries by
Publication Date: 2014-11-01
A proven resource for librarians and students, this updated classic opens the door to understanding current library cataloging processes, shows you how to use them to create standard catalog records, and provides guidance in managing the cataloging workflow. * Describes today's new cataloging tools and shows how they are applied to real resources in various media, sharing numerous examples that illustrate the points raised * Explains the way library catalog records are produced for online catalogs * Describes MARC formats and explains how they relate to new metadata schemas such as MARC XML, the Dublin Core, and BIBFRAME * Discusses how to set goals and objectives, supervise others, evaluate outputs, and report to and interact with internal and external players in the world of libraries * Includes examples and illustrations of all tools and offers practice exercises to reinforce understanding