H.R.1025 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994), an act to "To provide for a waiting period before the purchase of a handgun, and for the establishment of a national instant criminal background check system to be contacted by firearms dealers before the transfer of any firearm."
Omnibus appropriations bill for the 1997 fiscal year. (PDF, 750 pages). Page 245 includes the text, "That none of the funds made available for injury prevention and control at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention may be used to advocate or promote gun control."
From the NRA Institute for Legislative Action, a state-by-state listing with reference to state constitution, overview, map for reciprocity, and overview of typical provisions.
Right to Carry - Laws which allow individuals to carry concealed handguns if they meet other state-legislated criteria.
Concealed Carry - The practice of carrying weapon, typically a handgun, in public in a concealed manner
Open Carry - The practice of allowing the permitted gun owner to carry a firearm on one's person in public
Stand Your Ground - Also called "no duty to retreat". Such laws remove the duty to retreat before using force in self-defense or to protect others from threats.
Castle Doctrine - A person attacked in his home can use reasonable force--including deadly force--to protect himself or another. Each state has different legal provisions. Appears to have come from the English common law allowing protection of one's home -- or castle.
Strawman Purchase - A loophole in licensing. A felon, or someone unable to purchase legally, arranges with someone who can to acquire a weapon.